- Facts and figures on tuition fees and student finance
- Facts and figures about participation in higher education
- Number of access agreements for 2013-14
- How much money do universities and colleges spend under their access agreements?
- Outreach facts and examples
- Student success facts and examples
- Financial support/bursary facts and examples
For students starting their studies in the academic year 2013-14:
- the maximum annual tuition fee (chargeable with an access agreement) is £9,000 for full-time courses and £6,750 for part-time courses
- the basic annual fee (i.e. the maximum chargeable without an access agreement) is £6,000 for full-time courses and £4,500 for part-time courses
- the average full-time fee will be £8,499, which will reduce to £8,246 after fee waivers
- 98 universities (62 per cent of those with access agreements) plan to charge a maximum fee of £9,000 for at least one of their courses
- 44 universities (28 per cent of those with access agreements) plan to charge £9,000 for all their courses
- the full state maintenance grant is £3,354
- the threshold for the full maintenance grant is a household income of £25,000
- the threshold for a partial maintenance grant is a household income of £42,611.
Please note that there are different figures for part-time students, ‘continuing’ students and for students on sandwich work placements or study years abroad. For more detail, see our tables showing Fee and bursary limits (including exceptions) and state support thresholds.
Applications to higher education from under-represented groups
Application rates to higher education for 18 year olds from the most disadvantaged areas of England have increased by over 70 per cent since 2004 to reach nearly 20 per cent in 2013 (i.e. one in five of these young people apply to higher education). This is the highest rate ever, but still substantially lower than the application rate of 54 per cent (i.e. one in two) for 18 year olds from the most advantaged areas.
Eighteen year olds from the most advantaged areas are 2.7 times more likely to apply to higher education overall than 18 year olds from the most disadvantaged areas. Eighteen year olds from the most advantaged areas of England are 4.3 times more likely than 18 year olds from the most disadvantaged areas to apply to one of the universities with the highest entry requirements.
These statistics are from Ucas; for more information see Demand for full-time undergraduate higher education (2013 cycle, March deadline).
Participation in higher education
Overall, 49 per cent of people aged 17 to 30 participated in higher education in the 2011-12 academic year. For more information see the Department for Business, Innovation and Skills publication Participation rates in higher education: academic years 2006/07 to 2011/12.
Acceptances of applicants aged 20 and over fell 7.1 per cent between 2011-12 and 2012-13, compared to a fall of 1.7 per cent for those aged 18 and younger. For more information see the Higher Education Council for England’s Impact of the 2012 reforms publication.
Participation among people from disadvantaged backgrounds
One in five 18-year-olds from the most disadvantaged neighbourhoods of England goes to higher education (compared to three in five for the most advantaged neighbourhoods). That is to say, 20 per cent of the people in the most disadvantaged neighbourhoods who turned 18 during the academic year 2011-12 entered higher education either that year, or the following year when aged 19.
For those who turned 18 in 2004-05, just 14 per cent went on to higher education aged 18 or 19. So today’s rate is six percentage points higher, equivalent to a 43 per cent proportional rise in participation by young people from disadvantaged backgrounds. For more details see Higher Education Funding Council for England publication 2013/28, Trends in young participation in higher education.
In 2011-12, 10.2 per cent of young, full-time undergraduate entrants to English higher education institutions were from areas with little tradition of people going to higher education. For mature students with no previous experience of higher education, this figure is 10.9 per cent. For more information see Higher Education Statistics Agency performance indicators Tables T1a and T2a.
Participation at universities with high entry requirements
Young people from the most advantaged backgrounds are eight times more likely than young people from the most disadvantaged backgrounds to go to one of the universities with the highest entry requirements. For more information see Ucas 2012 Application Cycle: End of Year Report.
A total of 158 universities and colleges have approved access agreements for 2013-14: 123 higher education institutions and 35 further education colleges.
In the academic year 2011-12 (the most recent year for which we have data on actual investment), universities and colleges spent £444.1 million on access measures under their access agreements. This was almost a quarter (23.4 per cent) of their income from fees above the basic level.
Of this, they spent:
- £386.5 million on bursaries and scholarships for lower income students and other under-represented groups. The vast majority of this money (82 per cent) went to the poorest students i.e. those with a household income under £25,000
- £57.6 million on outreach activities for people with the potential to succeed in higher education (e.g. forming and sustaining links with communities and employers; mentoring to help potential students improve their GCSE and A level grades; or summer schools offering a taste of university life to children who may not have a family background in higher education).
Universities and colleges have told us in their access agreements for 2012-13 and beyond that they plan to substantially increase this investment each year, to reach an estimated £707.5 million per year by 2017-18. For more details about this, including charts showing annual expenditure from 2011-12 to 2017-18, see OFFA publication 2013/04, 2014-15 access agreements: institutional expenditure and fee levels.
What is outreach?
‘Outreach’ is activity that helps to raise awareness, aspirations and attainment among people from disadvantaged backgrounds, e.g. summer schools that give a taste of university life, homework clubs for pupils who may not have anywhere to study at home, or universities forming and sustaining links with employers and communities.
How much are universities and colleges investing in outreach?
In the academic year 2011-12 (the most recent year for which we have data on actual investment), universities and colleges spent £57.6 million on outreach activities. This was a 20 per cent increase from £45.7 million in 2010-11.
Universities and colleges plan to invest £95.9 million on outreach in 2013-14, increasing to £124.5 million by 2017-18.
For details of an individual institution’s spending plans please refer to its access agreement.
Examples of outreach measures in 2013-14
Pathways to Law is a national programme delivered by seven universities, which helps young learners from disadvantaged backgrounds to get places at competitive law schools and go on to a career in law. It includes academic sessions that help students to find out which areas of law they are most interested in and thus which course would suit them. The scheme also provides work placements, and focused information, advice and guidance to help them make competitive applications. An annual national conference allows members to experience being part of an academic community and to develop social skills.
In the ‘Pem-Brooke Access Scheme’, Oxford University’s Pembroke College has based a tutor at Brooke House (B6) Sixth Form College in Hackney, east London, to run sustained curriculum enrichment activity. Since 2008, the number of B6 students winning places at Russell Group universities has more than tripled. The first successful Oxbridge students took their places in 2010 and applications to Oxford have also risen significantly.
Trinity Laban Conservatoire of Music and Dance uses distance learning to reach out to regions with fewer music and dance opportunities for young people – often rural areas with historically low participation in higher education. It has piloted a distance learning music A level programme with a partner in the South West and is discussing similar initiatives with The Sage Gateshead in north-east England. This work is helping the conservatoire make links with regional centres of excellence and thus build networks through which potential students can progress to higher education.
What is student success?
‘Student success’ means supporting students from disadvantaged backgrounds during their studies, so they are more likely to complete their courses, fulfil their potential and go on to their chosen career or postgraduate study – e.g. programmes to help students settle in and feel part of university life, study skills support, or mentoring by graduates employed in the professions. Student success is an important aspect of fair access and has been a focus for access agreements since the 2012-13 academic year.
How much are universities and colleges investing in student success?
Universities and colleges plan to invest £81 million in 2013-14 on measures to improve student retention and success, increasing to £118.6 million by 2017-18.
For details of an individual institution’s spending plans please refer to its access agreement.
Examples of student success work in 2013-14 access agreements
Edge Hill University has invested in research that identified poor attendance as a key indicator of ‘at risk’ students. It has therefore improved its tracking and monitoring processes so that students who are missing classes can be identified and helped at an early stage. The university has also changed its induction process, revised its personal tutorial system to give more opportunities for direct contact and reviewed the way students are assessed and given feedback on their work.
Students from under-represented backgrounds at Brunel University are mentored by a qualified professional who works in a sector or industry related to the student’s subject or career aspiration. Evaluation of the programme shows that those who have been mentored are more likely to be in employment six months after evaluation than other students; four out of five students reported ‘great impact’ or ‘some significant impact’ from being part of the programme.
People who have been in local authority care receive targeted support at Newman University. This begins before application with priority acceptance on HEADstart, Newman’s pre-entry course for undergraduates. Once accepted, care leavers can attend pre-induction events to assist with the smooth transition into university life, such as meeting key staff and familiarising themselves with the campus; and during their courses, care leavers have guaranteed access to year-round accommodation and specialist student support.
What is financial support?
There are three main types of financial support:
- bursaries (financial awards paid to students who meet certain criteria)
- fee waivers (a discount on the tuition fee charged)
- ‘in-kind’ support, e.g. discounted accommodation, free entrance to sports facilities, or credit that the student can spend on campus facilities such as childcare or printing.
See below for some examples of financial support.
Note: OFFA regulates financial support that is specifically for students from low income backgrounds and other under-represented groups. Institutions may offer other support that is not included in our figures, for example merit-based scholarships open to all students, including those from more advantaged backgrounds.
How much financial support do universities and colleges give to students?
In the academic year 2011-12 (the most recent year for which we have data on actual investment):
- universities and colleges spent £386.5 million on bursaries and scholarships for students from lower income and other under-represented groups, up from £378.1 million in 2010-11
- the vast majority of this money (82 per cent) was spent on students from the lowest income group (i.e. those in receipt of a full grant)
- more than three-quarters (76.2 per cent) of this £386.5 million went to students from the very lowest income group, helping more than 337,000 students with a household income of less than £25,000
- overall, 455,000 students from lower income and other under-represented groups received a bursary or scholarship.
- universities and colleges plan to invest a total of £442.2 million in financial support. This comprises:
- £93.7 million on fee waivers
- £340.7 million on bursaries and scholarships
- £7.8 million in ‘student choice’ support, where the student can choose how they receive the money (i.e. as a bursary, waiver, discount or other type of award)
- 39 universities and colleges will allow students to choose how they receive some of their financial award (e.g. as a bursary, waiver or in-kind support)
- bursaries range from £150 to £9,000 for a single academic year
- all institutions charging more than the basic tuition fee are obliged to offer National Scholarship Programme (NSP) awards of at least £3,000 to first-year students with a household income of £25,000 (institutions may also use their own targeting criteria). More information on the NSP.
Bursaries vary greatly from £100 to £9,000 or more per academic year, so it is impossible to give a ‘typical’ figure. Examples of the main types of bursary
In 2013-14, all institutions charging more than the basic tuition fee are obliged to offer National Scholarship Programme (NSP) awards of at least £3,000 to eligible first-year students: to be eligible students must have a household income of £25,000 or under, plus institutions may also use their own additional targeting criteria. More information on the NSP.
In addition, 109 higher education institutions (89 per cent) are offering other bursaries and scholarships aimed at students from under-represented groups in 2013-14. The criteria used are:
- students’ household or family income
- students who have spent time in local authority care
- academic merit
- the school or college that the student went to
- where the student lives, e.g. if they grew up in a neighbourhood where not many people go to university
- subject studied
Here are some examples of the main types of financial support.
Falmouth University gives a bursary of £1,000 in cash in each year of study to students who were in local authority care aged 16. It also offers a £1,000 cash bursary to first-year students with a declared disability other than dyslexia.
The University of Gloucestershire offers a £500 cash bursary to students whose household income is below £25,000 per year but who are not eligible for the university’s National Scholarship Programme awards.
‘Sliding scale’ bursaries
The University of Exeter’s bursaries are scaled according to household income as follows:
|Household income||Bursary value|
The University of Nottingham offers the following ‘Core Bursary‘ to students on low incomes:
|Household income||Bursary value|
Some universities and colleges give awards to students who live in areas classed as having relative deprivation, or known to have low participation in higher education.
Undergraduate students who come from an area classed as one of the 10 per cent most deprived in the UK, and who also have a household income below £15,000 and AAB grades at A level (or equivalent) are offered a Promise Scholarship by Newcastle University. It is worth up to £9,000 each year and can be taken as a fee waiver (potentially giving the student free tuition throughout the course) or a combination of fee waiver and cash.
The University of East Anglia awards free accommodation and a fee waiver to students from lower-income backgrounds who attended City Academy Norwich.
To help widen access to professional careers, King’s College London offers first year fee waivers of £9,000 (in other words, a free first year) to up to 85 undergraduate students who are studying certain courses it has designated as ‘Access to Professions’ programmes and who are from lower income backgrounds.
Ruskin College offers fee discounts of £3,000 each to up to 16 first year students whose household income is under £25,000, with priority given to those who have disabilities, who have been in care and/or who are from certain Black and minority ethnic groups.
The Royal Academy of Music awards a £3,000 fee waiver for each year of study to students whose household income is below £25,000, and a £2,000 fee waiver for each year of study to students whose household income is between £25,001 and £33,500.
Sparsholt College’s Sparsholt College Bursary, available to students with household incomes of less than £25,000 but who don’t receive a National Scholarship Programme award, includes £500 towards accommodation and/or transport.
Liverpool John Moores University offers free accommodation as part of its support for students who are from low-income households and vulnerable in other ways such as being estranged from their families.