- Facts and figures on tuition fees and student finance
- Facts and figures about participation in higher education
- Number of access agreements for 2015-16
- How much money do universities and colleges spend under their access agreements?
- Outreach facts and case studies
- Student success facts and case studies
- Financial support/bursary facts and case studies
For students starting their studies in the academic year 2016-17:
- the maximum annual tuition fee (chargeable with an access agreement) is £9,000 for full-time courses and £6,750 for part-time courses
- the basic annual fee (i.e. the maximum chargeable without an access agreement) is £6,000 for full-time courses and £4,500 for part-time courses
- the average full-time fee will be £8,781, which will reduce to £8,744 after fee waivers
- 139 universities or colleges (76 per cent of those with access agreements) plan to charge a maximum fee of £9,000 for at least one of their courses
- 47 universities or colleges (26 per cent of those with access agreements) plan to charge £9,000 for all their courses
- students with a household income of up to £25,000 are eligible for the full maintenance loan
- students with a household income of £25,001 above are eligible for a partial maintenance loan.
Please note that there are different figures for part-time students, ‘continuing’ students and for students on sandwich work placements or study years abroad. For more about this, see our tables showing Fee and bursary limits (including exceptions) and state support thresholds.
There is a breakdown of fees by university/college in OFFA publication 2015/06, Access agreements for 2016-17: key statistics and analysis.
Facts and figures about participation in higher education
UCAS entry rates to higher education for 18 year-olds from the most disadvantaged neighbourhoods of England have increased by 65 per cent since 2006 to reach 18.5 per cent in 2015 (i.e. nearly one in five of these young people are accepted to higher education). This is the highest rate ever.
However there is still a large gap between entry rates for people from different backgrounds: 18 year-olds from the most advantaged areas are nearly two-and-a-half times more likely to enter higher education than disadvantaged 18 year olds, and just over six times more likely to enter one of the universities with the highest entry requirements.
Source: UCAS Undergraduate 2015 end of cycle report. Note that this measures acceptances through UCAS only and there may be some differences between these entry rates and actual student numbers because some students apply through other routes, or do not take up offers.
Mature and part-time students
The number of people entering higher education aged 21 and over (mature students) fell 48 per cent between 2009-10 and 2014-15 (from 339,990 in 2009-10 to 177,295 in 2014-15. The number of part-time entrants fell by 60 per cent in the same period from 266,605 to 105,715.
Source: OFFA publication 2016/04 Outcomes of access agreement monitoring for 2014-15 and Higher Education Statistics Agency widening participation performance indicators (Tables T2a and T2b).
A total of 183 universities and colleges have approved access agreements for 2016-17: 121 higher education institutions and 62 further education colleges.
In the academic year 2014-15 (the most recent year for which we have data on actual investment), universities and colleges spent £725 million on access measures under their access agreements, not including funding contributed by the Government for the National Scholarship Programme. This represents 30 per cent of their income from fees above the basic level.
Of this, they spent:
- £105.2 million on outreach activities for people with the potential to succeed in higher education (e.g. forming and sustaining links with communities and employers; mentoring to help potential students improve their GCSE and A level grades; or summer schools offering a taste of university life to children who may not have a family background in higher education)
Click here for more outreach information, stats and examples
- £97.0 million on student success activities to help students stay on course and achieve their full potential (e.g. induction programmes to help students settle into university life; pastoral and study skills support; or mentoring to improve employability)
Click here for more student success information, stats and examples
- £29.8 million on progression activities to support disadvantaged students as they prepare to go on to their chosen career or postgraduate study (e.g. internships; help with interview skills; or mentoring by graduates involved in the professions)
Click here for more progression information, stats and examples
- £542.6 million on financial support, of which:
- £478.2 million on bursaries, scholarships and fee waivers for lower income students and other under-represented groups. The vast majority of this money (81 per cent) went to the poorest students i.e. those with a household income under £25,000
- £15.2 million on hardship funds for students experiencing severe financial difficulties.
Click here for more financial support information, stats and examples
Universities and colleges have told us in their access agreements for 2015-16 and beyond that they plan to substantially increase their access agreement investment each year to reach a predicted £750.9 million in the academic year 2019-20. This is shown in the chart below. For more details see OFFA publication 2015/07, Access agreements for 2016-17 access agreements: key statistics and analysis.
Access agreement investment (excluding Government contribution to NSP), 2011-12 to 2019-20
What is outreach?
‘Outreach’ is activity that helps to raise awareness, aspirations and attainment among people from disadvantaged backgrounds, e.g. summer schools that give a taste of university life, homework clubs for pupils who may not have anywhere to study at home, or universities forming and sustaining links with employers and communities.
How much are universities and colleges investing in outreach?
In the academic year 2014-15 (the most recent year for which we have data on actual investment), universities and colleges spent £105.2 million on outreach activities under their access agreements. This was a 14 per cent increase from £92.6 million in 2013-14.
Universities and colleges predict that they will invest £124.3 million in outreach via their access agreements in the 2015-16 academic year, increasing to £149.5 million by 2019-20.
For details of an individual institution’s spending plans please refer to its access agreement.
Examples of outreach measures in 2014-15
IntoUniversity is a national network of local learning centres that support children and young people from disadvantaged backgrounds to attain either a place in higher education, or another chosen aspiration. In partnership with various universities, the centres provide academic support, employment mentoring, summer schools and evening/weekend activities, and give school pupils a chance to experience the type of focused, single-subject study that they would do at university.
St George’s Hospital Medical School runs Experiments Roadshows in schools for Year 5-12 pupils, facilitated by Student Ambassadors. The roadshows offer activities that put school science lessons into real-life medical/healthcare contexts, and thus help to raise aspirations and awareness of educational and career opportunities. Topics covered include prosthetics, radiography, physiotherapy, and para-medicine. There is also age-appropriate advice on entry routes and the application process.
Newcastle and Northumbria Universities jointly run the Students into Schools project in which undergraduate students work as tutors in local schools. This programme serves a dual purposes of raising aspirations and attainment in local schools while also helping the undergraduates learn skills that improve their employability and earn credit towards their degrees.
What are student success and progression?
‘Student success and progression’ means supporting students from disadvantaged backgrounds during their studies, so they are more likely to complete their courses and fulfil their potential, and as they prepare to go on to their chosen career or postgraduate study – e.g. programmes to help students settle into university life, study skills support for mature students, or mentoring by graduates employed in the professions. Student success and progression are important aspects of fair access, since access is only meaningful if students complete their courses and go on to the next stage of their journey.
How much are universities and colleges investing in student success?
In the academic year 2014-15 (the most recent year for which we have data on actual investment), universities and colleges spent £97.0 million on student success activities for people from low-income backgrounds and other under-represented groups. This was a 26 per cent increase from £76.9 million in 2013-14.
Universities and colleges predict that they will invest £115.3 million in 2015-16 through their access agreements on measures to improve student retention and success, rising to £148.4 million by 2019-20.
For details of an individual institution’s spending plans please refer to its access agreement.
Note: OFFA regulates activity that supports students from low income backgrounds and other under-represented groups. Institutions may also offer wider support that is available to all students and not all of their investment in that will be included in our figures – only the proportion that relates to students from low income backgrounds and under-represented groups.
Examples of student success work in 2014-15
Kingston University offers academic mentoring for students, particularly targeting support to those who enter with vocational qualifications. Trained undergraduate students, with the support of senior student mentors and academic staff, work with students face to face and online to address any issues they’re experiencing and thus improve retention, attainment and employability.
Bournemouth University’s GROW@BU scheme provides a holistic approach to student development and success where academics, peers, and professional staff work across the university to provide support such as tutoring, mentoring, coaching, and help with study skills.
At SOAS, University of London, there are two week-long courses of tailored support delivered before students start their course; one for students who are the first in their family to go to university and one for students aged over 21. Called Bridging Courses, they are designed for students who may have missed out on the informal networks of information, advice and guidance that are available to people who go to higher education straight from school or college, or have family members who attended university. The programmes include academic lectures, study skills workshops, personal skills sessions, work with student ambassadors, and support with writing their first undergraduate essay.
Leeds Beckett University’s Employability Hub provides on-line support, self-help modules, a drop-in service and access to information on opportunities, to help students develop their employability. Careers consultants and trained student volunteers are involved. The university also works with businesses to run an Employability and Enterprise Fortnight which includes sessions on various topics such as CV writing and interview techniques.
How much are universities and colleges investing in progression?
In the academic year 2014-15 (the most recent year for which we have data on actual investment), universities and colleges spent £29.8 million on progression activities for people from low-income backgrounds and other under-represented groups. This was a 28 per cent increase from £23.2 million in 2013-14.
Universities and colleges predict that they will invest £41.1 million in 2015-16 through their access agreements on measures to improve progression, rising to £54.8 million by 2019-20.
For details of an individual institution’s spending plans please refer to its access agreement.
Examples of progression work in 2014-15
Birkbeck College collaborates with the East London Business Alliance to help students gain insight into the professional world. This includes professional mentoring for law students, employability sessions in east London organisations, and talks focused on changing career and entrepreneurial skills.
At De Montfort University, each faculty has its own Employability Hub, offering tailored careers information, advice and guidance and with a faculty-dedicated Careers Adviser and Employability Officer. Each member of the Careers Advisory Team also has a remit to specialise in a specific stakeholder area (e.g. Black and ethnic minority students; disability and mental health; care leavers or carers).
Myerscough College’s ‘Learn2Work’ programme provides a framework of learning materials, support and recognition for the development and enhancement of student employability skills. The college’s ‘MyEnterprise Education’ project is embedding core themes of personal development, entrepreneurship and employability skills within all curriculum provision.
What is financial support?
There are three main types of financial support:
- bursaries (financial awards paid to students who meet certain criteria)
- fee waivers (a discount on the tuition fee charged)
- ‘in-kind’ support, e.g. discounted accommodation, free entrance to sports facilities, or credit that the student can spend on campus facilities such as childcare or printing.
See below for some examples of financial support.
Note: OFFA regulates financial support that is specifically for students from low income backgrounds and other under-represented groups. Institutions may offer other support that is not included in our figures, for example merit-based scholarships open to all students, including those from more advantaged backgrounds.
How much financial support do universities and colleges give to students?
In the academic year 2014-15 (the most recent year for which we have data on actual investment):
- universities and colleges spent £542.6 million through their 2014-15 access agreements on financial support for students from lower income and other under-represented groups (including Government contribution to the NSP). This was an increase of £10.2 million compared to 2013-14
- overall, 328,000 students from lower income and other under-represented groups studying at universities and colleges with access agreements received a financial award (bursary, fee waiver or scholarship).
The £542.6 million total comprised:
- £401.5 million on bursaries, scholarships and in-kind support
- £125.9 million on fee waivers
- £15.2 million on hardship funds for students in severe financial difficulties.
Universities and colleges predict that they will invest £423.9 million in 2015-16 through their access agreements on financial support, reducing to £372.6 million in 2019-20.
Note: Following the spending review in June 2013, the Government announced that the NSP will cease to be given to undergraduates from 2015-16.
Bursaries vary greatly from £100 to £9,000 or more per academic year, so it is impossible to give a ‘typical’ figure. In 2014-15, the average bursary amount for first-year students from the lowest income backgrounds was £1,750, which is £112 higher than in 2012-13 (£1,638).
Examples of the main types of bursary
In 2014-15, all institutions charging more than the basic tuition fee were obliged to offer National Scholarship Programme (NSP) awards of at least £2,000 to eligible first-year students: to be eligible students must have a household income of £25,000 or under, plus institutions may also use their own additional targeting criteria.
More information on the NSP.
Many higher education institutions also offer other bursaries, scholarships and fee waivers aimed at students from under-represented groups. The criteria include:
- students’ household or family income
- students who have spent time in local authority care
- academic merit
- the school or college that the student went to
- where the student lives, e.g. if they grew up in a neighbourhood where not many people go to university
- subject studied
Here are some examples of the main types of financial support.
The University of Bolton provides Bolton Partnership Bursaries of £400 per to undergraduate students from low-income backgrounds who have done a preparatory course either at the university or one of a selected list of partners.
‘Sliding scale’ bursaries
The London School of Economics and Political Science provides a sliding scale of financial support according to household income:
|Household income||Bursary (given in instalments over three years)|
Leeds City College offers bursaries on a sliding scale according to household income, and gives them in three instalments, one each term for the duration of their course:
|Household income||Term 1||Term 2||Term 3|
Birmingham City University offers a fee waiver of £1,250 to second-year students who are from low-income backgrounds and have excellent academic achievement, performance or potential. Students who went to particular partner schools or colleges get priority.
Nottingham University gives full first-year fee waivers to students who have been in care, followed by partial waivers in the following years, plus other financial support such as bursaries.
Loughborough University offers fee waivers to mature and part-time students, with the value of the waiver determined according to each student’s household income.
The University of West London’s Aspire scheme offers credit towards the cost of learning materials, course equipment, bikes and clothing, with the aim of encouraging book-buying and helping prevent students leaving their courses early. Full-time students get £100 and part-time students get £50.
Some universities and colleges give awards to students who live in areas classed as having relative deprivation, or known to have low participation in higher education.
The University of Bristol offers a full tuition fee waiver and an annual bursary of £3,750 to full-time undergraduates who have participated in its outreach scheme with local schools, Access to Bristol, and who have a household income below £25,000. Students can convert £2,000 of the fee waiver into a cash bursary each year if they wish.
Brunel University’s Local Boroughs Scholarship is worth £6,000 annually, paid as a £5,000 fee waiver and £1,000 in cash or in-kind support. Up to 10 awards are given each year to undergraduate students with high academic achievement who attended a maintained school or college in the London boroughs of Brent, Ealing, Hammersmith and Fulham, Harrow, Hillingdon or Hounslow and who also meet one or more of the following criteria:
- have a disability
- have been in care
- come from a low-income background.
King’s College London offers financial support packages to students from low-income backgrounds who are studying science, technology, engineering or maths subjects. The packages are worth up to £15,000 across three years, and students can choose to receive the whole amount as a bursary, or to have some/all of it as a discount on tuition/accommodation fees. Students from selected partner schools get priority for these awards.